Directed - IPHC Regulatory Area 2B
British Columbia—Directed Commercial Fisheries
Open: 6 March 2022 at 1200h local time
Closed: 7 December 2022 at 1200h local time
IPHC Regulatory Area 2B is located off of British Columbia, Canada. The IPHC sets the overall total allowable catch and season (called the “fishing period” in IPHC regulations) for the area. The Fisheries and Oceans Canada then allocates Pacific halibut among user groups in IPHC Regulatory Area 2B.
Canada’s directed Pacific halibut fishery operates under an individual vessel quota (IVQ) system, where each licensed vessel is allocated a percentage of the IPHC Regulatory Area 2B fishery limit to harvest at any time over an extended fishing season, historically March to November. In 2006, Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) implemented a Groundfish Integrated Fisheries Management Plan (IFMP), where all vessels were accountable for all of their catch, both retained and discarded. All hook-and-line vessels, even those not officially licensed as Pacific halibut vessels, could retain and sell Pacific halibut as long as they had, or purchased, Pacific halibut quota shares to cover their catch.
In IPHC Regulatory Area 2B, in recent years, two British Columbian ports have received roughly 90 percent of the area’s landed catch: Port Hardy and Prince Rupert/Port Edward. In 2019, Port Hardy received 40 percent of the area’s commercial landed catch (913 tonnes; 2,013,000 pounds), and Prince Rupert received 50 percent (1,158 tonnes; 2,554,000 pounds).
Commercial fisheries data organized by IPHC Regulatory Area, year, and sector is available here.
Integrated Management Plan: